2019 Substance Use and Addiction among Youth in Kyrgyzstan

The methodology and research tools were strictly in line with the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drug Use (ESPAD).It is the 2nd wave of survey based on ESPAD methodology realised in Kyrgyzstan; the 1st wave was realised in 2017.

The target group of survey were students born in 2003 enrolled in educational institutions from all regions of Kyrgyzstan .The research involved students from the ninth and tenth grades of secondary schools, gymnasiums, private schools and first-year educational institutions of primary technical education (lyceums) and secondary vocational education (colleges). The research used a two-stage stratified random sampling method (type of schools, classes). The strata were represented by the type of schools. Clusters were represented by classes. Data collection took place from March to May 2019.

The sample size was calculated with the proportion of students in grades 9-10 and 1st year of vocational school, according to statistics from the National Statistical Committee. Based on the aforementioned proportions of students in the selected classes and sample size, we obtained the required number of students in each category / class. As previous experience has shown, 50% of the target group (2003) are in schools, 52% in gymnasiums, 62% in private schools and 25% in colleges and lyceums. Knowing the average number of students in each class, we calculated the required number of classes - 200 and schools - 98 to achieve the sample size. A list was received of all schools, lyceums, colleges, including private schools across the country.98 sites were randomly selected using the STATA statistical database. On selected sites, after a certain amount of detail regarding the availability of required classes (9th and 10th), a list of classes was received. Randomly (by lot) we get a list of classes for evaluation.

In total, 5152 students studied at the selected educational institutions; At the time of the survey, 85% of students were present.